Tourism is not just a holiday, it changes the entire social, cultural and economic nature of the place where it thrives. There are social costs: abuse of women, children particularly those forced into sex work, trafficking and child labour because of tourism. Ministry of tourism announced Draft National Tourism Policy of India in May 2015 and given only 10 day for public comments.While it is the prerogative of the elected governments to form policy based on its promises as articulated in its manifestos and other documents, it is equally important to ensure that the process of policy formulation in the country is transparent and democratically decided. For tourism, the only directive giving document is the National Tourism Policy. Therefore, we believe that this document needs to be given the same consideration as the passing of any legislation and therefore brought to the Parliament for a discussion and a wider consensus. The government's attempt to scuttle this process by introducing it in the Cabinet is a manifestation of its autocratic nature which will affect millions of people whose homes have been turned into products to be traded in the tourism market.
In the 2015-16 budget, only 0.41 per cent of GDP is earmarked for children who constitute 40 per cent of the population of India, as compared to 0.63 per cent of GDP in 2014-15. Similarly, total child budget as a percentage of total Union budget shows a declining trend since 2012-13 and it stands at a paltry 3.26 per cent in the Union budget of 2015-16. The budgetary allocation is a clear indicator of the priority granted to a sector in public policy. Hence, declining budgetary allocation raises serious concerns and doubts about the governments commitment towards child welfare. Budgetary analysis shows that the allocation for child protection continues to receive the smallest share.
After a prolonged wait and the constant push by the child rights groups, the Union Cabinet recently gave its approval to banning all kinds of child labour under the age of 14 years. The set of proposed amendments, however, are not full proof. One of the proposed amendments allows the employment of children below 14 years in family enterprises, audio-visual entertainment industry and sports industry except circus on condition that such work does not interfere with their education. Through the amendment the government has failed to recognise that these industries can be equally exploitative and oppressive. The move to allow children to work in family enterprises is also problematic as it moves to a space which is extremely difficult to regulate.
According to the International Labour Organisation's (ILO) Global Report 2006, it affects the lives of 218 million children. India has the distinction of the largest number of working children in the world today. Indian official statistics speak about almost 13 million children, but unofficial estimates vary between 60 and 100 million children. In India, as in the world over, tourism is one more realm that pulls in a significant number of children as child labour. This paper links tourism to child labour, informs on the legislative and policy back-up to eliminate child labour and the illusive implementation of the ban on child labour in the hospitality sector.
To compete with other States and upcoming destinations of South and South East Asia, the Goa Tourism 10 Year Master Plan evolved in 2001. The objectives listed in the plan focuses on increasing economic growth of Goa through the tourism industry; mainly dispersing tourist attractions from coast to hinterland, diversification of tourism products, development of infrastructure and promotion of tourism. None of the objectives in the Master Plan talks about minimizing the adverse economic, social and cultural impacts of tourism. There is no cognizance of issues like environmental degradation (loss of biodiversity, scarcity of freshwater, waste generation), violation of Coastal Regulation Zones (CRZ) Notification, cultural decay, sex tourism, child labour, child and women trafficking, alienation of the communities from their lands and their minimal share in the profits generated by tourism. The plan also fails to recognize the constitutional rights and role of the panchayats, gram sabha and other local bodies in development decisions within their jurisdiction. This paper critiques the draft of this 10 Year Master Plan and conveys in detail how such a plan would lead to unregulated tourism development in Goa and only further tourism’s adverse impacts in Goa.
Child Labour is a complex social issue. According to the International Labour Organisation's (ILO) Global Report 2006, it affects the lives of 218 million children. India has the distinction of the largest number of working children in the world today. Indian official statistics speak about almost 13 million children, but unofficial estimates vary between 60 and 100 million children. In India, as in the world over, tourism is one more realm that pulls in a significant number of children as child labour. It is common to see children working in abysmal conditions in small restaurants and shacks, selling curios and trinkets, as tourist guides or begging rich tourists for money. In hotels, children work as bell-boys, waiters and waitresses, maids, house keeping workers while in catering many serve dishes, work as kitchen helpers or dish-washers. Children also work as masseurs and prostitutes. This briefing sheet highlights this issue and looks into the reasons that compel children into working, the measures being taken so far to address the issue and what remains to be done.
This publication provides an overview of the interventions that would protect minors and adolescents in tourism. Through data collection, intake count, assessment, treatment planning, rehabilitation activities and reintegration; it summarises the process of identifying and tracking vulnerable minors and adolescents for protecting them from immediate danger of exploitation.This publication would also be helpful to understand the trends and track the changes in the manifestation of child exploitation in tourism.
This report by EQUATIONS and APSA is a documentation of the raid and rescue operation undertaken to rescue 104 children from the residential, small - scale jewellery units of Nagarathpet, Bangalore, in Karnataka. These children had been trafficked from the rural districts of West Bengal. Based on this experience, a framework for conducting rescue operations in a child sensitive manner involving various stakeholders was devised. The report invites greater reflection on the prevailing methodology for rescue and post- rescue operations in addition giving clear guidelines with in-built monitoring mechanisms for effective rehabilitation of child labourers.