In the 2015-16 budget, only 0.41 per cent of GDP is earmarked for children who constitute 40 per cent of the population of India, as compared to 0.63 per cent of GDP in 2014-15. Similarly, total child budget as a percentage of total Union budget shows a declining trend since 2012-13 and it stands at a paltry 3.26 per cent in the Union budget of 2015-16. The budgetary allocation is a clear indicator of the priority granted to a sector in public policy. Hence, declining budgetary allocation raises serious concerns and doubts about the governments commitment towards child welfare. Budgetary analysis shows that the allocation for child protection continues to receive the smallest share.
The Kerala Tourism Policy 2011 (Draft) issued by the Department of Tourism, Government of Kerala in November 2011 recognises the role of local self governing institutions in tourism development. The policy also visualises sustainable development through involving local panchayat and communities. Both these are welcome moves. What needs a perspective change is the excessive tourist focus without consideration of the impacts on local communities. The objectives of the policy seem to be primarily about the role and functions of the Department of Tourism and the formal sector of the tourism industry while the informal sector of the tourism industry that constitutes a significant part of the industry and economy has been ignored. EQUATIONS’ critique highlights the need for tourism impacts to be considered in policy formulation and implementation.
This is a compilation of dated case studies from India and around the world to show how child pornography and child abuse and tourism are interlinked. It illustrates how child pornography spreads, either through tourism or other forms of contact, like the Internet.
Child pornography is a growing concern within India. Through still and video cameras, sexually abusive images of children are produced. These images are accessed via the internet and increasingly now over mobile phones. These technologies also facilitate organised sexual abuse and violence against children by networks of commercial buyers, sex tourists, paedophiles and traffickers. It is linked with several actors across borders and has direct links to tourism. One country can be a place where production takes place, the child used for the pornographic production could be from a second country, and the final pornographic product could be or end up in a third country. This paper presses home the concerns on child pornography and its links to tourism. Its analyses in brief the current legal framework in India concerning this issue and calls upon the national and state legislature, the tourism, travel, hospitality industry and other stakeholders to take necessary action to address this issue.